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Carrot mottle mimic virus (CMoMV): A second umbravirus associated with carrot motley dwarf disease recognised by nucleic acid hybridisation.

M J Gibbs#$, A Ziegler*, D J Robinson*, P M Waterhouse$ and J I Cooper#.

# Natural Environment Research Council, Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Mansfield Road Oxford OX1 3SR, United Kingdom.

$ Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Division of Plant Industry, Black Mountain Laboratories, GPO Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.

* Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, United Kingdom.

Corresponding author: Mark Gibbs, Plant Science CRC, GPO Box 475, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia

telephone: 61 6 2465135, fax: 61 6 2465000, email:

Accepted: 11 November, 1996


Carrot mottle umbravirus (CMoV) has always been found co-infecting plants with carrot red leaf luteovirus (CRLV) and in carrot (Daucus carota) these co-infections are associated with carrot motley dwarf disease (CMD). CMD occurs wherever carrots are grown. Hence, CMoV was believed to have a corresponding global distribution. However, little or no hybridisation was detected between cDNA generated from the sequenced Australian isolate of CMoV (CMoV-A) and RNA from the much studied Scottish isolate of CMoV (CMoV-S). A weak hybridisation signal was obtained using cDNA to a conserved part of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene of CMoV-A, but when cDNAs to other parts of the CMoV-A genome were used as probes there was no detectable hybridisation with CMoV-S RNA. This lack of hybridisation suggests that the two virus isolates have relatively divergent genomes and that they should be regarded as distinct virus species. Both viruses are transmitted by Cavariella aegopodii, but only with the help of CRLV, and they yield almost identical double-stranded RNA profiles. For these reasons, we propose that the CMoV isolate from Australia be renamed carrot mottle mimic umbravirus (CMoMV). cDNA to CMoMV RNA hybridised with RNA from an isolate from New Zealand, whereas cDNA to CMoV-S RNA hybridised with RNA from isolates from England and Morocco but not to RNA from the isolate from New Zealand. Although preliminary, these data suggest that CMoV and CMoMV may have different global distributions.

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