BSPP News Autumn 2000 - Online EditionThe Newsletter of the British Society for Plant Pathology
Number 37, Autumn 2000
Richard Shattock is the new Senior Editor of Plant Pathology. He is a Senior Lecturer in Mycology and Plant Pathology in the School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor.
Richard Shattock, the new Senior Editor for Plant Pathology
Richard's research interests include Phytophthora infestans, downy mildews and rust fungi. As the School's Admissions Tutor he coordinates recruitment of undergraduates with an annual intake of 175 students across a range of 15 degrees (http://sbsweb.bangor.ac.uk).
Richard has been on the Editorial Board of Plant Pathology since 1985 and between 1987 and 1991 was Programme Secretary of BSPP. As Roy Johnson pointed out (Plant Pathology 49, 1-2) the Senior Editor has to handle large amounts of paper, numerous files and daily electronic and paper correspondence. Assisting Richard in this task is his wife Jenny. Together they were students on Imperial College's MSc Mycology and Plant Pathology course at Silwood Park, Ascot in 1970.
Congratulations are extended to Dr. Gareth Hughes of the University of Edinburgh for winning a major U.S. research award. Gareth is the recipient of the 2000 Lee M. Hutchins Award, given annually by the American Phytopathological Society (APS), for basic or applied research on diseases of perennial fruit plants. He is only the second non-U.S. resident to have received this award.
Gareth Hughes celebrating after winning the APS award.
Hughes was honored for his highly significant contributions on the spatial ecology, epidemiology, and modelling of diseases of citrus, grapes, and other fruit crops. Of particular importance is his recent original work on spatial-pattern analysis of plant disease incidence and the utilization of spatial data to develop sampling strategies for precisely estimating mean incidence. He and his colleague, Larry Madden, have shown that the pattern of diseased individuals at the lower level in a spatial hierarchy (e.g., leaves) is of fundamental importance in determining or predicting the proportion of sampling units (e.g., trees) that are diseased. A derived 'hierarchical sampling' method based on this relationship was used by Hughes and Tim Gottwald to efficiently determine the incidence of citrus tristeza virus in commercial citrus groves. This disease is a major constraint to citrus production, and effective control in the U.S. requires that the location of infected trees be identified with ELISA testing, so that eradication can be performed. The hierarchical sampling method developed by Hughes was based on testing trees in groups of four (based on ELISA tests of pooled samples), and predicting mean tree disease incidence utilizing prior information on the spatial pattern of diseased trees . The new approach, now used routinely in the U.S. and elsewhere, offers a dramatic improvement in precision and accuracy of the sampling information, with no undue increases in costs or labour.
Hughes is a Senior Lecturer in the Institute of Ecology and Resource Management at the University of Edinburgh. He has taught at the university since 1983. He was an Editor of Plant Pathology for 10 years, and recently became a new Senior Editor of APS Press, the book publishing division of APS. He previously chaired the Plant Disease Losses Committee of APS, and was a member of the Local Arrangements Committee for the 7th International Congress of Plant Pathology.